Yalda night or solstice is one of the oldest Iranian celebrations,in this celebration traversed the
length of the longest night of the year followed by longer days in the northern hemisphere,which
coincides with the winter solstic is celebrated.
yalda time is between sunset on 30 Azar (the last day of autumn) until sunrise on may day
(the first of winter)is called.
Iranian families in yalda usually have splendid dinner and different fruits special watermelon .
after spending time together and eating dinner , one of the members of family reads Hafez book.
Yalda is an ancient tradition ,this ceremony is Aryan and followers of Mithraism it has been held
in Iran for thousands of year, Yalda is the birthday of Mithra or Mehr , 7 thousands years ago our
ancestors found that first winter night is the longest night of the year .
this holiday season is as old as seasons were determined by people , in this night all families come
together and believe that they can release from evil and blessing the sun were inflaming.
eating nuts,watermelon,grapes and different of sweets and fruits are the symbol and sign of blessing,
happiness ,health ,abundance .
New year (Nourooz)
Nourooz means new day and the first day of spring. people in Iran and other countries such as
Afghanestan ,Tagikestan ,SYRIA ,Russa,Georgian,kazakh Republic, Uzbek Republic,Kurdistan,Albania,
Turkish,China,Turkmenistan,Pakistan,India,Azerbayegan celebrate this traditional festival .
Iranian celebrate the end of winter and start the first day of spring.
This festival start 2 OR 3 weeks before new year for example house keepers clean their house and most
of them change their furniture or repair them if they need .they do the shoping and buying new things
like shoes and clothes . most of house keepers germinate wheat as sign of coming spring. people in Iran
believe that they should wear new clothes on the first day of nourooz or new year.
Troubadour or Haji Firouze is a person who wear a red satin clothe and makes up his face in black color
and red lip .Haji firouze singing and dancing by taping on the kettle drum to make people happy and
say them new year is coming .
Iranian buy live fish,colored eggs ,fresh herbs and put them on the table clothe of Nourooz to celebrate
the first day of spring and rebirth.
things to put on the table clothe of Nourooz
1-wheat to show rebirth
2-Samanuo (a sweet putting made of wheat germ) symbol of affluence
3-senjed (dried fruit of tree resembles the mountain ash )symbol of love.
4-Garlic :symbol of medicine
5-Apple :symbol of beauty and health .
6- vinegar:symbol of tolerance
7-sumac: symbol of sun rise
8-Hyacinth flower: symbol of spring
Coin: symbol of good fortune and wealth
One of particular Nourooz dish is Shir berenge that makes of milk and rice it can be eaten with sugar or
salt and caraway .the other food Sabzy poolo mahi that makes of green herb ,fish and rice.it can be
served at night or other days of Nourooz.
NEW YEAR GIFT OR AIDI
In Nourooz the young visit the elder at first day of new year as respect and the older give them new year
gift or Aidi as blessing to them.
FESTIVAL OF FIRE (CHAHAR SHANBE SOORY)
festival of fire is another annual ritual in Iran , Iranian do it in last Wednesday at the end of each year
(right before new year) and called it red night. in this celebrate people set fire and jump over it .
they believe that fire gets their disease and disasters and gives them strengthen.
dancing and singing around fire is important for them to confront evil in this traditional night.
Eating nuts is a custom in this night for women want to do oblation.they distribute nuts in relatives and
ask them to pray them(women).
After jumping over fire people put some charcoal as sign of misery and salt as sign of evil eye,and a
coin as sign of poverty in a jar and then each person of a family turn the jar around their head and then
the last one put it on the roof and fall it down to break and say throw away all pain and disaster from
house to allay .they believe if they do that they get trough with poverty ,misery,evil eye .
Another custom at festival of fire are consistent of :spoon-hitting,telling the fortune,cooking stew that is
called Abu- darda.
MEHREGAN FESTIVAL (AUTUMN FESTIVAL)
Mehregan is a Zoroastrian and Persian festival .this festival starts at 10th in Mehr and continue about
6 days . on this day ,Kaveh Ahangar protested to zahak the evil and Feraidon conquer Zahak the evil
and put him in to the jail in mount Damavand.